Juniwati, Anik and Canadarma, Wanda W. and Kristanto, Luciana (2007) Improving The Indoor Environment In "Kampong" House (Case study: Siwalankerto Timur, Surabaya). In: International Conference Tropical Architecture within Tradition-Globalization, April, 24th , 2007, Departement of Architecture, 17 Agustus 1945 University, Surabaya.
At a house, an opening is a requirement regarding the daylight penetration into the room, humidity and air temperature control, and maximizing room ventilation and air change. Thus, opening has important role to make a better indoor environment that bringing indoor activity comfort and healthy life. But in most of kampong house in urban area usually do not have enough opening. The aim of this study is to realize the society, that the opening of the room is important. The case study took place at two kampong houses in Siwalankerto Timur. Both houses are approximately 70-100 m2, with small open space in front of it. Both are brick walls plastered, cement floor tiled, wooden roof structured and genteng roof covered. Both houses do not have openings to outdoor except to the front open space. Several rooms in both houses improved with addition some opening by jalousies or skylight. The indoor environment aspects in this study are daylighting, ventilation, temperature and humidity.The daylight indicator is daylight illumination. The ventilation indicator is air velocity. Temperature, humidity (relative humidity) and air velocity are indicators of thermal comfort. Measurement of those aspects did at before and after the houses improved. Analyzed on each aspects showed that improvement on both houses had given a better indoor environment. The improvement of indoor environment can be an example to others kampong house occupants. They shall realize that they need to live in better indoor environment.
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