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Laminar Burning Characteristics Of Biogas-Air Mixtures In Spark Ignited Premix Combustion

Anggono, Willyanto and Wardana, ING and Lawes, M and Hughes, KJ and Wahyudi, S and Hamidi, N (2012) Laminar Burning Characteristics Of Biogas-Air Mixtures In Spark Ignited Premix Combustion. Journal of Applied Sciences Research. ISSN 1819-544X

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    Abstract

    Laminar burning velocities of biogas-air mixtures in premixed combustion have been studied to elucidate the fundamental flame propagation characteristic of biogas as a new alternative and renewable fuel. The results are compared with those from a methane-air flame. Biogas is a sustainable and renewable fuel that is produced in digestion facilities. The composition of biogas discussed in this paper consists of 66.4% methane, 30.6% carbon dioxide and 3% nitrogen. Burning velocity was measured using a photographic technique in a high pressure fan-stirred bomb, the initial condition being at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Based on this experimental investigation, the laminar burning velocities of biogas-air mixtures were 0.2086 m/s for lean (�=0.8), 0.2638 m/s for stoichiometric (�=1.0) and 0.1864 m/s for rich (�=1.2) conditions. Compared to a methane-air mixture, the presence of carbon dioxide and nitrogen causes a reduction in the laminar burning velocity for two reasons. The dilution effect leads to a lower concentration of reactive species in the fuel-air mixture for a given equivalence ratio, which leads to a lower overall chemical reaction rate of bimolecular reactions in the fuel oxidation reaction mechanism. Also, the presence of this additional inert gas will absorb some of the heat generated, thus lowering the flame temperature which in turn will tend to reduce the overall rate of many of the chemical reactions within the fuel oxidation mechanism. These effects lead to a different behaviour in burning velocity of biogas as a function of equivalence ratio. Whereas a rich (�=1.2) methane-air mixture has a higher burning velocity than a lean (�=0.8) mixture, the reverse is the case for the equivalent biogas-air mixtures where the lean mixture has a higher burning velocity than the rich mixture. This is a consequence of the rich biogas-air mixture having a higher fraction of the carbon dioxide and nitrogen components from the fuel compared to the lean biogas-air mixture, and shifts the optimum equivalence ratio for operation of a biogas-air mixture to a leaner mixture than would be the case for methane-air mixtures.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Mechanical Engineering Department
    Depositing User: Willyanto
    Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2012 07:34
    Last Modified: 12 Dec 2012 07:34
    URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/15646

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