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Economic and Environmental Emission Analysis in Indonesian Electricity Expansion Planning: Low-rank Coal and Geothermal Energy Utilization Scenarios

Tanoto, Yusak and Wijaya, Ery (2011) Economic and Environmental Emission Analysis in Indonesian Electricity Expansion Planning: Low-rank Coal and Geothermal Energy Utilization Scenarios. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 1 (2). pp. 61-66. ISSN 2180-4931

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    Abstract

    This paper examines the utilization of low-rank coal and geothermal energy resources in the long-term Indonesian electricity expansion planning in high populated islands, such as Java, Madura, and Bali up to 2027. The long-term electricity expansion of these areas meets several problems such as supply security, financial limitation, and environmental issues. Therefore, the modeling of long-term geothermal and low-rank coal utilization is examined in terms of expansion cost as well as the environmental impacts. In 2027, the required capacity to fulfill the future demand is estimated about 133 GW. Under the coal scenario, the domination of coal becomes bigger with 75.4 GW or 57 of total electricity generation mix. However, under the geothermal scenario, the installed power plant from geothermal sources increases to be 7 GW and coal utilization decreases to be only 67.6 GW or 51 of total electricity generation share. In the economic perspective, more geothermal power plant needs to be developed in order to reduce to coal utilization in power generation. In the end of the planning horizon, the coal scenario emits as much as 487 million tons of CO2 equivalents, while the geothermal scenario succeeds to reduce emission by 43.3 million tons out of the coal scenario’s emission.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Long-term electricity supply planning, Indonesia, Low-rank coal, Geothermal, CO2 Emission.
    Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
    Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Electrical Engineering Department
    Depositing User: Admin
    Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2012 18:10
    Last Modified: 05 Nov 2012 18:10
    URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/15897

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