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The effect of nitrogen on biogas flame propagation characteristic in premix combustion

Willyanto, and Suprianto, Fandi Dwiputra and HARTANTO, TAN, IVAN and PURNOMO, KENNY and WIJAYA, TUBAGUS PUTRA (2015) The effect of nitrogen on biogas flame propagation characteristic in premix combustion. American Institute of Physics, 1718 (100001). 100001_1-100001_5. ISSN 978-0-7354-1364-1

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    Abstract

    Biogas is one of alternative energy and categorized as renewable energy. The main sources of biogas come from animal waste, garbage, and household waste that are organic waste. Primarily, over 50% of this energy contains methane (CH4). The other substances or inhibitors are nitrogen and carbon dioxide. Previously, carbon dioxide effect on biogas combustion is already experimented. The result shows that carbon dioxide reduces the flame propagation speed of biogas combustion. Then, nitrogen as an inhibitor obviously also brings some effects to the biogas combustion, flame propagation speed, and flame characteristics. Spark ignited cylinder is used for the premixed biogas combustion research. An acrylic glass is used as the material of this transparent cylinder chamber. The cylinder is filled with methane (CH4), oxygen (O2), and nitrogen (N2) with particular percentage. In this experiment, the nitrogen composition are set to 0%, 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%. The result shows that the flame propagation speed is reduced in regard to the increased level of nitrogen. It can also be implied that nitrogen can decrease the biogas combustion rate.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogas, flame propagation, nitrogen, premix combustion, sustainable energy.
    Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Mechanical Engineering Department
    Depositing User: Admin
    Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2016 18:00
    Last Modified: 08 Apr 2016 16:17
    URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/17307

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