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Behaviour of Biogas Containing Nitrogen on Flammability Limits and Laminar Burning Velocities

Willyanto, (2017) Behaviour of Biogas Containing Nitrogen on Flammability Limits and Laminar Burning Velocities. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 7 (1). pp. 304-310. ISSN 1309-0127

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    Abstract

    Biogas is a renewable energy and consists of up to 50% methane (CH4) as a flammable gas (pure flammable biogas/ inhibitorless biogas) and other impurities such as nitrogen (N2) up to 10%, the second biggest impurity in it. Before it can be used as a substitution for fossil fuels, a basic understanding of its combustion processes in spark ignited combustion engines is needed. This research focused on the biogas containing nitrogen flammability limits and laminar burning velocities at various pressure. Biogas containing N2-dry air mixtures was burned in a 380mm bomb spherical bomb with spark ignition in the centre of the vessel (bomb). The spherical bomb was employed for this research, gases in various mixtures were injected into it by an absolute pressure transducer at pressures appropriate for the equivalence ratios required. Then, dry air was pumped in at the pressures needed. Biogas mixtures were centrally ignited and the propagated flame was recorded with a high speed camera. All biogas mixtures experiments were performed at ambient temperatures under different pressures as well as at different equivalence ratios. The findings were contrasted to the outcomes of prior study into pure flammable biogas. The outcomes indicated that the lesser the amount of N2 in biogas, the greater the laminar burning velocities. And furthermore, that when initial pressures were reduced and equivalence ratios were the same, laminar burning velocities increased and that increasing N2 levels at the same initial combustion pressures did not influence to the flammability limits of biogas.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Flammability limit, sustainable energy, laminar burning velocity, biogas, nitrogen.
    Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Mechanical Engineering Department
    Depositing User: Admin
    Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 18:23
    Last Modified: 13 Apr 2017 22:52
    URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/17550

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