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Effect of adding acid solution on setting time and compressive strength of high calcium fly ash based geopolymer

Antoni, and HERIANTO, JASON GHORMAN and ANASTASIA, EVELIN and Hardjito, Djwantoro (2017) Effect of adding acid solution on setting time and compressive strength of high calcium fly ash based geopolymer. [UNSPECIFIED]

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    Official URL: http://gcee.um.ac.id/

    Abstract

    Fly ash with high calcium oxide content when used as the base material in geopolymer concrete could cause flash setting or rapid hardening. However, it might increase the compressive strength of geopolymer concrete. This rapid hardening could cause problems if the geopolymer concrete is used on a large scale casting that requires a long setting time. CaO content can be indicated by pH values of the fly ash, while higher pH is correlated with the rapid setting time of fly ash-based geopolymer. This study investigates the addition of acid solution to reduce the initial pH of the fly ash and to prolong the setting time of the mixture. The acids used in this study are hydrochloric acid (HCl), sulfuric acid (H3SO4), nitric acid (HNO3) and acetic acid (CH3COOH). It was found that the addition of acid solution in fly ash was able to decrease the initial pH of fly ash, however, the initial setting time of geopolymer was not reduced. It was even faster than that of the control mixture. The acid type causes various influence, depending on the fly ash properties. In addition, the use of acid solution in fly ash reduces the compressive strength of geopolymer mortar. It is concluded that the addition of acid solution cannot prolong the rapid hardening of high calcium fly ash geopolymer, and it causes adverse effect on the compressive strength.

    Item Type: UNSPECIFIED
    Uncontrolled Keywords: high calcium fly ash, setting time, flash setting, acid effect
    Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Civil Engineering Department
    Depositing User: Admin
    Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2017 14:13
    Last Modified: 31 Jan 2018 22:08
    URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/17731

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