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Self-employed or Employing Others? Pre-Entry Capabilities, Entrepreneurial Action, and the Learned Resourcefulness of Microcredit Firm Founders

Bradley, Steve W. and McMullen, Jeffery S. and Atmadja, Adwin Surja and Simiyu, Edward and Artz, Kendall (2011) Self-employed or Employing Others? Pre-Entry Capabilities, Entrepreneurial Action, and the Learned Resourcefulness of Microcredit Firm Founders. In: Babson College Enterpreneurship Research Conference 2011, 08-06-2011 - 11-06-2011, Massachusetts - USA.

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    Abstract

    We survey 612 entrepreneurs who are members of microcredit programs across three developing countries to examine the determinants of firm employment. We find that for opportunity-motivated entrepreneurs, a greater number of employees are predicted by pre-entry means (managerial skill, pre-planning, and business expertise) with these relationships mediated by differentiation-related innovation. We find that necessity-motivated entrepreneurs do not seek innovation as a means to growth. Rather their efforts to increase firm employment are enhanced by a set of learned repertoires which we identify as resourcefulness. Specifically, we find behavioral resourcefulness and social resourcefulness increased the likelihood of higher firm employment for necessity-motivated entrepreneurs while financial resourcefulness was not significant.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Additional Information: Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research Best Paper Proceedings 2011. Akan dimuat dalam website http://digitalknowledge.babson.edu/fer tahun 2012
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Entrepreneurial Action, Resourcefulness, Microcredit
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
    Divisions: Faculty of Economic > Finance Management Program
    Depositing User: Admin
    Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2012 15:30
    Last Modified: 23 Oct 2019 06:56
    URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/18460

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