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Mix design of low-cement concrete with particle packing concept and superplasticizer application

Antoni, and HARDI, ERIANTO and TANDEAN, RICKY DARIUS and Hardjito, Djwantoro (2019) Mix design of low-cement concrete with particle packing concept and superplasticizer application. [UNSPECIFIED]

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      Abstract

      The amount of cement paste used in concrete depends on aggregate particle packing, where the denser combination among particles with different particle sizes results in a minimum volume of voids (Vv). Theoretically, cement paste volume (Vp) is required to fill the void with the combination of fine and coarse aggregate, i.e., Vp/Vv = 100%. The purpose of this paper was to propose a concrete mix design method that could maximize the particle packing of aggregates to reduce the cement content in concrete mixture, hence producing low cement concrete (LCC). The variables proposed were the ratio between the volume of paste to the volume of voids (Vp/Vv) as opposed to the cement content and the use of superplasticizer to control the workability of the fresh concrete. The results showed that by the combination of multi-sized coarse aggregates and fine aggregate, the smallest void volume of 23.5% could be achieved. The theoretically lowest cement content needed for a mixture with w/c 0.5 was 287 kg/m³. However, after trial mixing, the cement requirement was found to be almost equal with conventional concrete, i.e., about 310 kg/m³. Workability of the mixture depended on the paste volume to void volume ratio (Vp/Vv > 100%) and was greatly influenced by the superplasticizer content. The use of excessive superplasticizer could cause bleeding due to lack of fine particles in the low cement concrete mixture. The use of cementitious material, such as fly ash by 50%, to replace cement, significantly improves the workability and reduces the cement content below the minimum cement requirement with similar compressive strength as the water to cementitious ratio mainly controls compressive strength.

      Item Type: UNSPECIFIED
      Additional Information: doi:10.1088/1757-899X/615/1/012006 https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?origin=resultslist&authorId=12796152500&zone=
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Low cement, concrete, mix design, particle packing, superplasticizer
      Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
      Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Civil Engineering Department
      Depositing User: Admin
      Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2019 19:11
      Last Modified: 10 Jan 2020 21:29
      URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/18532

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