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A study of the javanese speech levels used in the gambar berguna-guna episode of ketoprak humor

Tirtodiharjo, Jenny (2002) A study of the javanese speech levels used in the gambar berguna-guna episode of ketoprak humor. Bachelor thesis, Petra Christian University.

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Abstract

This thesis is about a linguistic phenomenon in one of the popular humorous entertainment programs, 'Ketoprak Humor??, in RCTI as one of the Indonesian private television channels. Based on the conversations that appear in 'Ketoprak Humor', I find that the players use Javanese speech levels in delivering the story and according to the theories, there are some factors that may influence the use of a particular level. Therefore this study is an attempt to analyze the use of Javanese speech level and the influence of social rules, i.e. social factors and social dimensions on the choice of the Javanese speech levels in the episode of Ketoprak Humor entitled "Gambar Berguna-guna" (The Magical Picture). Then, to collect the data, 1 record one episode of "Ketoprak Humor" randomly. 1 transcribe and put numbers on Javanese utterances along with the context, and classify them based on Poedjosoedarmo?s theory of Javanese speech levels. I put into calculation table to find out the most commonly speech level has been used by the players. After that, I analyze the categorization of the level by giving representative examples. In addition, I analyze each level based on Holmes? theory about social factors and social dimensions to find out the rule of usage of each level that has been used in the episode of Ketoprak humor. After analyzing the data, I find out that the conversations which are produced in "Ketoprak Humor`` are dominated by the use of Ngoko style. However, higher styles such as Madya and Krama also appear in the conversations to show respect or politeness toward the elder or,somebody who has a very high status or to create more serious atmosphere of conversations about a particular problem. In addition, I find out that in the episode of Ketoprak Humor entitled Gambar Berguna-Guna, Ngoko speech level can be used by participants who have the same social status and intimate relationship, people of different social status with intimate or non intimate relationship, in both formal and informal setting, in informal topic, and for affective function. In addition, Madya speech level can be used by participants of the same social status who have intimate relationship, participants of different social status who have close or not close relationship, in both formal and informal setting, in informal topic, and for affective function. Last, Krama speech level in the episode of "Gambar Berguna-Guna" is used by participants who have different social status but intimate relationship, in formal place, in informal topic, and for affective function. It is obvious that there are some occasions whereby the rules of usage according Poedjosoedarmo?s theory are not fully followed due to the specific demand of the stage. Thus, they may use level that makes them easiest in expressing the idea and to be enjoyed fully by the audience.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Uncontrolled Keywords: javanese, language, style, ketoprak, humor, speech
Subjects: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Admin
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2011 18:48
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2011 21:29
URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/8101

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