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Enhancement of Emotion Recogniton using Feature Fusion and the Neighborhood Components Analysis

Ferdinando, Hany and Alasaarela, Esko (2018) Enhancement of Emotion Recogniton using Feature Fusion and the Neighborhood Components Analysis. In: The International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods, 18-01-2018 - 18-01-2018, Funchal - Portugal.

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    Abstract

    Feature fusion is a common approach to improve the accuracy of the system. Several attemps have been made using this approach on the Mahnob-HCI database for affective recognition, achieving 76% and 68% for valence and arousal respectively as the highest achievements. This study aimed to improve the baselines for both valence and arousal using feature fusion of HRV-based, which used the standard Heart Rate Variability analysis, standardized to mean/standard deviation and normalized to [-1,1], and cvxEDA-based feature, calculated based on a convex optimization approach, to get the new baselines for this database. The selected features, after applying the sequential forward floating search (SFFS), were enhanced by the Neighborhood Component Analysis and fed to kNN classifier to solve 3-class classification problem, validated using leave-one-out (LOO), leave-one-subject-out (LOSO), and 10-fold cross validation methods. The standardized HRV-based features were not selected during the SFFS method, leaving feature fusion from normalized HRV-based and cvxEDA-based features only. The results were compared to previous studies using both single- and multimodality. Applying the NCA enhanced the features such that the performances in valence set new baselines: 82.4% (LOO validation), 79.6% (10-fold cross validation), and 81.9% (LOSO validation), enhanced the best achievement from both single- and multi-modality. For arousal, the performances were 78.3%, 78.7%, and 77.7% for LOO, LOSO, and 10-fold cross validations respectively. They outperformed the best achievement using feature fusion but could not enhance the performance in single-modality study using cvxEDA-based feature. Some future works include utilizing other feature extraction methods and using more sophisticated classifier other than the simple kNN.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: emotion, EDA, ECG, NCA
    Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
    Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
    Divisions: Faculty of Industrial Technology > Electrical Engineering Department
    Depositing User: Admin
    Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2018 21:41
    Last Modified: 16 Jul 2019 05:34
    URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/17946

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