Ethnic differences in dietary diversity among primary school-aged children: Evidence from the Indonesian Family Life Survey

Kunto, Yohanes Sondang and Bras, H.A.J. (Hilde) (2018) Ethnic differences in dietary diversity among primary school-aged children: Evidence from the Indonesian Family Life Survey. In: The 2nd International Conference on Childhood and Adolescence (ICCA 2018), 03-10-2018 - 03-10-2018, Lisbon - Portugal.

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    Previous studies on ethnic differences in dietary diversity have predominantly focused on explaining variance among adults of White, Black, and Hispanic origin, mostly with the North-American context. Although many low and middle-income countries comprise a wide range of ethnic groups, much less is known about ethnic differences in dietary diversity in such settings. Moreover, while previous research has primarily focused on adults, next to nothing is known about dietary diversity patterns among children. This study simultaneously addresses both knowledge gaps and analyses ethnic differences in dietary diversity of primary school-aged children of three indigenous ethnic groups in Indonesia: the Javanese who have a bilateral kinship system, the Batak with a more patrilineal system, and the traditionally matrilineal Minang (Ananta et al., 2015). Aside from examining the differences among these ethnic groups, disparities in dietary diversity within each ethnic group by children�s gender, birth order, and family socioeconomic status are also examined. The analyses are based on data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) covering the period 2000 to 2015, and consisting of 6,711 observations of primary school-age children age 6 to 11 years old who were born in 4,457 families. The Berry-Index score for dietary diversity is used as the outcome variable (Drescher et al., 2007). This score was constructed from data on individual food consumption recording the number of days a child had consumed a certain type of food during the week before the interview. Multiple linear regression with clustered standard errors at the family level were used to estimate the models. Interaction effects of ethnicity with gender, birth order, and family socioeconomic status were included to analyse within-ethnic related disparities in dietary diversity. The validation step prior the main analyses indicated that the constructed Berry-Index positively correlated with children�s nutritional status (height-for-age). The positive correlation means that consuming diverse food types leads to better health. The main results showed that the Javanese, which had the best overall nutritional status of the three ethnic groups, scored higher in dietary diversity than others. The interaction effects showed that among the matrilineal Minang, dietary diversity was gender-related with girls having a higher Berry-Index score than boys. While among the patrilineal Batak, children who were born in a family with high socioeconomic status have a higher Berry-Index score up to the level of those the Javanese. There were no within-ethnic group differences in dietary diversity by birth order. Further analyses on consumption at food group level showed that Minang girls consumed vegetables more frequently than boys. The analyses also found that although the affluent Batak children consumed vegetable slightly less frequent, they almost triple the less-affluent Batak�s number of days in a week on consuming dairy products.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Additional Information: 2% dan berisi kesamaan frasa dengan manuscript saya sendiri di jurnal internasional terindex scopus.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: ethnic, dietary diversity, nutrition, gender
    Subjects: H Social Sciences
    Divisions: Faculty of Economic > Marketing Management Program
    Depositing User: Admin
    Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2018 03:43
    Last Modified: 13 Feb 2019 15:14
    URI: http://repository.petra.ac.id/id/eprint/18107

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